Learn what the sixth generation of computers is
Computers currently represent an essential part of our civilization, and their use is daily and almost omnipresent, however, there was a long development path to achieve their current level, the sixth generation of computers.
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Computers have a long history that goes back to the first slide rules and machines designed to facilitate the arithmetic task, however, it was in the middle of the 20th century when they had significant advances.
In this sense, we invite you to continue reading to learn more about it.
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What are the generations of computers?
They are the periods of time in which new technologies are implemented that represent a significant advance of the information systems and computing processes. A generation gap that generally gives rise to computers with ever smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient components.
What are the generations of computers?
Generally, six generations are indicated that cover large periods of the second half of the 20th century, however, various sources indicate more specific periods, even mentioning a seventh generation. However, for standardization purposes we will talk until sixth generation of computerswith special emphasis on the latter.
First generation (1940 – 1956)
The first generation used vacuum tubes as logic circuits, these were large components, so the first computers occupied even small apartments. These were programmed in machine language and gave off enormous amounts of heat.
Examples of these include: EDSAC, IBM 701, and the Manchester Mark 1.
Second generation (1956 – 1963)
The second generation of computers saw the use of transistors instead of vacuum tubes. Transistors were widely used in computers from 1956 to 1963, since they were smaller, faster, and relatively inexpensive.
Examples of these include: the IBM 7070, Philco Operations S-1000, and RCA 501.
Third generation (1964 – 1971)
This introduced the use of integrated circuits in computers. Its use helped reduce the size from the computermaking it more agile in the processing of information and more accessible.
Examples of these include: IBM 360, Burroughs B-2500 and PDP-8.
Fourth generation (1971 – 1981)
With the invention of the microprocessor (known as the CPU) and its combination with integrated circuits, the first laptopsthese being a tough competition for the desktop ones.
Examples of these include: Altair 8800, IBM 5100, and Micral.
Fifth generation (1982 – 1989)
Its main feature is large capacity operating systems. In this generation there is a “boom” of programs for PC, software, antivirus and video games; Furthermore, in the last years This shows a significant reduction in both its hardware and its price, continually expanding its audience.
Examples of these include: IBM PC AT 80286 or the Macintosh.
The sixth generation of computers (1990 – present)
It has its beginning in 1990 computers and extend to the present in a process of rapid evolution. The generated devices have multiple applications in any area in which they are used. These use semiconductor elements that efficiently harness energy and prevent overheating.
Characteristics of the sixth generation of computers
- Constant interaction with internet services, wireless connection with devices and 5G: the internet of the stuff and the increase in network traffic and operations carried out on the web makes it necessary to have a capable device for the analysis and use of this network.
- Implementation of parallel architectures: they are systems oriented to increase the speed of processing through the execution of multiple tasks, different processing units that in turn complement the information and generate a faster response from the user. operating system.
- Expansion in storage capacity: the implementation of direct interaction programs, as well as the continuous development of images and multimedia elements of Ultra HD, and therefore greater weight, requires a storage and processing system capable of managing the multiple functions that the device should run.
- Reducing the size of components and increasing performance: a constant trend in computing systems. It implies simplicity, increased speed and decreased cost.
- implement of artificial intelligence: Despite being in an early stage, it is expected to create intelligent computers based on networks neural artificial (or artificial brain).
- Multifunctionality: In addition to the development of devices for personal use, the sixth generation of computers It would also be used by large industries to support their activities such as aircraft design, weather forecasting, and administrative management.
The sixth generation of computershas as its main aspect that computers will be able to interact physically and psychologically with people, in addition to implementing cognitive activities such as seeing, hearing, speaking, thinking and being able to reach conclusions to solve problems, like humans.
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