What is the difference between psychopath and sociopath and how to recognize each one

You may have heard of sociopaths and psychopaths, but you may not know the difference. Both share the same disorder, that is why they can be confused. The Antisocial Personality Disorder it is “a mental condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulation, exploitation, or violation of the rights of others.”

On many occasions, those who have this disorder end up committing crimes. Others do not get to do it, but do a lot of damage around them.

A psychopath and a sociopath They are people who have Antisocial Personality Disorder, but who express themselves in different ways. It is important that you learn to identify them, since although they are talked about a lot, it is very difficult to recognize them if they are in our environment.

Psychopath and sociopath are often spoken of as synonyms, although other schools consider them to be different. The important thing is that you recognize that although Antisocial Personality Disorder expresses itself in different ways, it is still a problem.

Common characteristics to identify a psychopath or sociopath

People who suffer from Antisocial Personality Disorder have common characteristics that allow them to be identified.

Although it can be difficult, since they are usually capable of acting jovial and charming, which makes it difficult to believe that they have a problem.

They tend to be manipulative people, since they relate more out of interest than out of true affection, and it is too difficult for them (or impossible) to empathize with others.

They tend to lie, steal and fight frequently. The most distinctive thing is that they do not feel guilty about it. Of course: in many cases they know how to simulate guilt, so they can deceive the people around them.

It is common for them to have drug problems, break the law, and neglect their own safety and that of others.

Differences between a psychopath and a sociopath

According to various investigations, psychopathy is a rather innate disorder, while sociopathy has to do mainly with childhood and upbringing. That would explain the increase in sociopathy at certain historical moments.

Parents with drug or alcohol problems, too negligent, or unable to teach basic principles of socialization can favor sociopathy in their children.

In general, sociopaths are more impulsive and “careless” when it comes to committing violent and/or criminal actions. While a psychopath tends to be more premeditated, a sociopath is impulsive and careless.

Sociopaths are also more likely to take unnecessary risks.

The sociopath may have emotional ties and empathize with some friends and family, whom he will protect under any circumstances.

The psychopath, on the other hand, never empathizes with anyone, even if he simulates it. He can hurt his family or his closest friends without feeling remorse, and only relates for interest.

Did you know this information about Antisocial Personality Disorder?

Sources:

Psychology and Mind

Medline Plus

psychoactive