What is structuralist theory? |

If today you have to learn one of the philosophical thoughts based on structures. Here we explain what what is structuralist theory, what are its characteristics and examples. Also, what are its bases.

What will you find here?

Compete to what is structuralist theory describe and analyze a variety of objects of study, culture, economy, language, literature, politics, among others. The analysis assumes that the various research objects may contain hidden or underlying structures that are interrelated and have significance because they are part of the same system.

What is structuralist theory?

It is known as what is structuralist theory a a splitting of the bureaucratic theory and a slight approximation to the classical theory of the human relationsand based on this approach to the whole and to the relationship of the parts.

The structuralist theory is focused on several approaches that are characterized by considering a data set as an interrelation system which generates a critical view of organization based on the structure of the operation in order to expand its objectives.

A little history…

The formal beginning of what is structuralist theory came up with course work general linguisticspublished in 1916 by Ferdinand de Saussure Swiss linguist, semiotician and philosopher whose ideas served for the beginning and subsequent development of the study of modern linguistics in the 20th century. He is known as the father of structural linguistics.the elements of language were understandable only in relation to each other and to the system that contained them.

The language went beyond communication because it influenced the individual and his role in society. The structuralist current then is, a philosophical movement that emerged around 1920 in Europewhich aims to understand the structures through which meanings are produced in a culture.

For that, it is based on what is the structuralist theory and scientific methods from various social sciences, such as anthropology, sociology or psychology.

Renate Mayntz is a German sociologist, founder and director of the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, of which she is director emeritus. Currently within its main contributions based on it what is structuralist theory are, the typology of the organizations and the typology of behavior in organizations. Considers that the company can be structured on the basis of the specific needs of each organization.

Foundations of structuralist thought

For the development of structuralist theories, the authors of this school of thought based these ideas on four common elements that all companies present. Elements that, therefore, could have something to do with their behavior and, therefore, with their successes and failures.

Its elements, which are the following:

  • Communication: Communication between members of a businessto a greater or lesser extent, determines the success of the company.
  • Authority: All companies have a structure, which designates the hierarchy in the relationships between the members of the company.
  • Structure of behaviour: It is the way in which the individuals who are employed in the firm behave, as well as the way in which the division of labor is carried out, and this influences the employees.
  • Formalization structure: The rules and regulations under which the company is developing its activity.

The structuralists, thanks to the techniques developedThey focused their studies on the bureaucracy and the effect of this on companies, on the influence of human resources on the success or failure of companies. In summary, he focused his studies on the behavior of companies, studying the human factor that they present.

Structuralism turned out to be a kind of awakened consciousness that made it possible to understand and analyze the knowledge adopted unconsciously, under the customs and codes that take place in a given culture and in which multiple study disciplines intervene.

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