The Vandals –

It is known of the prejudice of the traditional historians towards the nature of the Germanic towns that expanded during the crisis of the roman empire. An expansion that, in the long run, would cost them dearly. So much so that, to this day, they continue to pay for it. we tell you the story of the vandals and their fall as a people.

In contrast to Roman civilization, the peoples “barbarians”, as they were pejoratively called, did not possess the same degree of political and social organization. In addition, they were an important factor in the deterioration of the Roman military forces, unable to defend all the territory they had conquered in Europe.

Between the barbariansthe hooligans They are the ones with the worst reputation. In the Spanish language, the word vandal can refer to both german people like a “man who commits actions typical of wild and heartless people”.

The origin of the vandals you have to look for it in a heterogeneous and complicated group of tribes. At the beginning of the Christian era, they were settled in the southern part of the Baltic. Asdingos Y silings they were the two largest and most representative tribes of that group.

The Asdingos chose to settle in the frontier of Dacia from the year 171 until after the 5th centuryeven if they changed location, high valley of Tizsa. For their part, the silingos went to Silesiawhose name was put in his honor.

The question is,how did the vandals come about? They simply took advantage of the collapse of the Roman Empire to attack them in the Germanic invasions at the beginning of the 5th century. An attack that was almost imposed by the thrust of the Huns. A) Yes, in the year 409 they arrived in Hispania, through the Pyreneesand with the support of the Swabians and Alans.

Two years later, the Asdingos and the Swabians were installed in Galicia. While, the silingos did the same in Baetica. However, the Silingo Vandals were destroyed by the Visigoths. Those who survived fled to Africa with the Asdingos.

Thus, almost in the year 430, asdingos, Alans and Hispano-Romans they settled in africafrom the hand of King Genseric. This king is credited with the true creation of the Vandal kingdom. To begin with, in little more than five years, he managed to get the imperial government to consider them federal.

Meanwhile, Genseric was mounting his wheat empire, trying to control the wheat trade in the Mediterranean and laying the foundations for a Vandal kingdom in Africa. For his first mission, the wheat empire, he took over the islands Balearics, corsica, Sicily Y sardinia. In order to consolidate the Vandals in Africa, he took over the administrative structures of the Roman Empire.

In this territory, the royal power had rudimentary organs: the central government was confused with the court of Carthage, formed by companions of the king.

The knights, covered in iron, wearing a conical helmet, armed with a bow and a sword, constituted the main force of the vandal monarchy. The warrior qualities of that handful of men allowed them to install their effective dominance over the Roman population of Africa. Even expand and send a raid to sack Rome in the year 455.

But while some Germanic customs seeped into the daily life of the Romans, the hooligans in power they remained a minority that was doomed to disappear, assimilated by the Roman mass.

The Kings hooligans tried to oppose the fusion of races and cultures through a policy of strict segregation: Genseric he chose for his warriors the best lands of the Proconsular (north of Tunis) and expelled the Roman owners from them, who had to settle elsewhere. He forbade mixed marriages, and only Vandals had the right to bear arms. Each community preserved its organization and customs.

Secondly, Catholicism was persecuted during the reigns of Humeric and Trasmundo. That’s the way it is, very soon hooligans they accommodated themselves to the Roman way of life, they shaved their beards, they frequented the circus and the baths, the warriors married Roman women, the children went to the grammarian’s school.

The Vandal language soon ceased to be spoken; Few traces of her remain. Ancestral customs in terms of construction, pottery and clothing were forgotten in the African lands. The conqueror had been conquered.

It all happened during the first half of the 6th century. King Hilderic was deposed, which facilitated the arrival of the Byzantines. The army that they sent under the command of Warbringer, easily defeated the last vandal king, gelimero. It was the year 534 when the Vandals became one more faction of the Byzantine Empire. It was the prequel to their disappearance as a people.

Obviously, there is no more to see the connotations of the word vandal, to know that history has been hard on this ill-fated town. Historians say that their looting of Rome was so humiliating that the Catholic Church has never forgiven them. As it has not done for the death of saint augustine.

At the end of the 18th century, a French bishop recognized the rancor and rage of Catholics to the vandals. Thirteen centuries had passed and they still hated them like the first day.

Back then, vandalism was associated precisely with what the Vandals did to the Roman Empire. Loot, steal, destroy monasteries, abbeys and everything that smelled Catholic, in which they called Terror Period.

In fact, the Church took advantage of the confiscation of its assets to brand what was happening as vandalism. They had not only established the name in their areas of influencebut now it was going to spread throughout Europe. Today, in the 21st century, vandalism continues to be taken for something negative, criminal and unreliable. The best/worst marketing campaign in history.

List of Vandal kings

  1. Visumaro 3rd century AD c.
  2. Godegisilio (?—406)
  3. Gunderic (407-428)
  4. Gaiseric (428-477)
  5. Huneric (477-484)
  6. Guntamund (484-496)
  7. Beyondworld (496-523)
  8. Hilderic (523-530)
  9. Gelimere (530-534)

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