The history of Israel –

The israeli history and of the Jewish people is marked by tragedy, suffering, civil wars and religious clashes. The border between Israel and Palestine remains today one of the most conflictive places on the planet. But how have Israel and the Jewish people come to find their place in the world? Find out in this summary of the history of Israel.

Israeli history

To talk about the history or origin of Israel we have to refer to two very different periods of its history. One took place around 3,000 years ago. The other is much more recent in time: it happened just over half a century ago.

The Kingdom of Israel

The first references to Israel come from the Bible. From the year 1030 BC to 928 BC there was a territory called kingdom of israel which comprised 12 tribes that lived in what is now known as Israel and Palestine.

In the year 928 BC there were some revolts that ended with the division of the northern tribes. Until that time, the Kingdom of Israel knew three capitals (Geba, Hebron and Jerusalem), and three monarchs (Saul, David and Solomon). In that period, Israel would also begin to suffer harassment from the Assyrianswhich would end with the invasion of the kingdom around 730 BC

the state of israel

From that moment the Jews have always wanted to return to that “Promised Land”. Even when they were captives of the Babylonians in the seventh century BC, there is already evidence of manifestations that linked the return “home” with the arrival of a messiah.

By mid-century eighteenthJews constituted a majority part of the ottoman empire. The Jewish community grew with the arrival of the pogroms and the first serious initiatives to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine began to emerge, led by León Pinsker and Theodor Herzl.

Own british government he began to be favorable to this initiative stating that he did not see how it could harm the non-Jewish communities of Palestine.

With the creation, in the early 1920s, of a Jewish National Agency the embryo of a true nation began to take shape and Jewish immigration began to increase. This trend became more apparent during the 1930s, when Jews were persecuted by the Nazis before and during the WWII. Jewish immigration to the Palestinian territory did not stop growing until in 1939 the United Kingdom decided to put an end to this flow.

In 1947, the United Nationsalways supporters of the State of Israel, declared the partition of Palestine into two independent territories, Israel and Palestine, one with a Jewish community and the other with an Arab majority. The Jews agreed with this decision, but not the Palestinians.

As the British Army left Palestine, the clashes between arabs and jewsleading to the outbreak of a Civil War that would end, thanks to the support of the UN, with the creation in Tel-Aviv of the independent state of Israel, in 1948.