Revolutions of 1830 –

We have previously dedicated an article to the wars of the first part of the 19th century. However, a fundamental fact occurs in this period that is not in itself a war, but a wave of revolutions. are the calls revolutions of 1830, who are born in France and affected several countries of Europe. We will dedicate ourselves to them especially in this abstract.

After the fall of Napoleonic Empire in 1815, the holy alliance restores the absolutist monarchy of the Bourbons in France. However, many liberal and republican aspirations remained latent, which found their channel fifteen years later. But it was a political conflict that lit the fuse of the Revolution of 1830in an atmosphere of discontent, severe economic crisis and hunger.

In the elections for Low camera the deputies had consecrated themselves as the triumphant majority liberals moderate. But the king-Charles X– decided to dissolve that House through the calls “July Ordinances” in which the right to vote was also limited and freedom of the press was suspended.

Given this, the people of Paris took to the streets and along with the National Guard he faced the royal army for 3 days. Charles X he was forced to abdicate. deputies liberals and the high bourgeoisie they supported Louis Philippe of Orléans also from the family of Bourbonsand a new liberal Constitution was enacted.

Soon in other important cities of Europe Other conflicts erupted. Although each of them responded to particular problems of each of these towns, most of them present some characteristics that relate them. Hence, they are considered together asRevolutions of 1830

One of the common factors in Revolutions of 1830 was the demand for greater political participation on the part of the bourgeoisie. Another of them was the search for independence from foreign domination. In Italy the uprisings sought the end of the domain of the Austrian Empireand in Poland the rebellion was against the rule of Russia. But both were quickly put down.

The revolution of 1830 yes he succeeded in Belgiumwhich managed to become independent from Holland. Other achievements made by the revolutionaries were within the Germanic Confederationwhere some states managed to enact constitutions liberals. In Swiss, some cantons (states) enacted democratic constitutions that included indirect universal suffrage.

The revolutions of 1830 in some cases they allowed to advance to the bourgeoisie in their claims. But in many others they failed, precisely where the bourgeoisie was not such a strong social group. But once the rebellions were extinguished, the conflicts that fueled them -and were not resolved- remained latent for a few more years, and would explode once again in the so-called Revolutions of 1848.



VÀZQUEZ DE FERNANDEZ, The world/America/Argentina. Editorial Kapelusz.

Images: Wikipedia

1. Battle of the Rue de Rohan on July 29, 1830, by Hippolyte Lecomte. On wikipedia.

2. Lafayette and Louis-Philippe – July 31, 1830

3.Gustave Wappers: Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830historical painting, 1835.