October 12 –

ephemeris of the day October 12 °, mainly remembered for being Hispanic Day, the date of arrival in America of Christopher Columbus. Below we show you some of the most important events that have occurred on October 12 and we remember some of the births and deaths of important personalities that have occurred on this day.

Ephemeris of October 12

These are some of the most important facts and events that have taken place on October 12.

  • 539 BC C.: Babylon is invaded by Persians
  • 642 dies on Pope John IV.
  • 1095 dies Leopold II of Austria (b.1050)
  • 1216: King John I of England loses the Crown Jewels in The Wash, an estuary on the east coast of England.
  • 1279: in Japanthe Buddhist leader Nichiren write the Dai-Gohonzon.
  • 1398: The Salynas agreement, a peace treaty between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Teutonic Order, is signed
  • 1492: Christopher Columbus’s three ships arrive at Guanahaní Island (Bahamas). The fact will be known as the “discovery” of America, which marks the beginning of the colonization of the continent by Europeans. It is known that Coón did not intend to discover America, but to reach India.
  • 1576: dies Maximilian IIemperor of Holy Roman German Empire.
  • 1582: in some countries such as Spain, Italy, Poland and Portugal, this day is skipped due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1737: In that year a great tidal wave shakes Calcutta, which in that year had around 20,000 inhabitants. It is believed that there were more than 3,000 deaths and that the waves reached 12 meters in height.
  • 1773: The first center for insane people with disordered minds opens in Virginia, United States.
  • 1780: in the Antilles islands, islands of the Caribbean Sea, it is the third day of the Great Hurricane of 1780, the first hurricane with a large number of fatalities for which data is available. In total it is believed that about 27,000 people died from this hurricane.
  • 1810: The German royalty invites the citizens of Múnjen to the first Oktoberfest (beer festival) to celebrate the marriage of Ludwig I of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1822: Peter I declared constitutional emperor Brazil.
  • 1825: battle of sarandi in Uruguay where they manage to expel the invading Brazilian army.
  • 1850: The first women’s medical college opens, in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1884: in the extreme south of Patagonia (Argentina), Augusto Lasserre founded the city of Ushuaia, the city of the end of the world.
  • 1899: Declaration of war by the Boer Republic of South Africa a England.
  • 1910: in Buenos Aires, Roque Sáenz Peña assumes the presidency.
  • 1917: beginning of the first Battle of Passchendaele First World War (in photography)
  • 1941: Nazi massacre in Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine), with a balance of 11,000 Jews murdered.
  • 1964 – The Soviet Union puts Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit. It is the first ship with a crew of several people and the first flight without space suits.
  • 1966: “The Anacoco Crisis” breaks out between Guyana and Venezuela over the sovereignty of the eastern part of Anacoco Island, a 28 km² fluvial island in the Cuyuní River
  • 1968: Independence the Republic of Equatorial Guinea of Spanish colonial domination.
  • 1969: An anonymous call to a Michigan radio claims that Beatle Paul McCartney is dead, giving rise to a well-known urban legend that continues to this day.
  • 1973: Juan Domingo Peron assumes in his third presidential term in Argentina.
  • 1984: Margaret Thatcher survives an IRA bomb that destroyed her bathroom two minutes after she used it.
  • 1992: The Seville Expo closes
  • 1992: Pope John Paul II visits the Dominican Republic and goes for the second time to Santo Domingo de Guzmán and for the first time to the Basilica of Our Lady of Altagracia
  • 1999: in Pakistan coup of pervez musharraf that overthrows nawaz sharif .
  • 2001: in the United States, the television program America’s Most Wanted presents photos of the 22 most wanted terrorists in the world at the request of the president of the government (then George Bush).
  • 2001: October 12 is declared the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.
  • 2003: Michael Schumacher wins his sixth Formula 1 world championship at the Japanese Grand Prix.
  • 2011: The United States Congress approves the free trade agreement with Colombia, Panama and South Korea.2

Commemorations of the arrival of Columbus in America

    • American Cultural Diversity Day in Argentina.
    • Mestizo Day, in belize
    • Day of the Discovery of Two Worlds, in Chili.
    • Columbus Day and National Holiday Spain
    • Columbus day (Columbus Day) in USA
    • Americas Day, in Uruguay Y Peru.
    • Day of Indigenous Resistance, in Venezuela
    • Guatemala: Día de la Raza or Día de la Hispanidad in Guatemala, The Savior Y Honduras.

Born on October 12

There are numerous famous people and prominent personalities who were born on October 12, such as:

1008 – Japanese emperor Go-Ichijō.
1320 – Michael Palaiologos, Eastern Roman co-emperor.
1490 – Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer.
1537 – Edward VI, English king.
1719 – Ignaz Franz, German theologian.
1745 – Félix María Samaniego, Spanish writer.
1792 – Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
1798 – Pedro IV of Portugal, Portuguese king.
1865 – Arthur Harden, British biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1929.
1885 – Heinrich Hoffmann, German photographer.
1896: Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1975.
1900 – Luis Alberto Sánchez, Peruvian lawyer, jurist, philosopher, historian, and politician.
1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese writer
1906 – Francis Hong Yong-ho, cardinal of North Korea.
1926 – César Pelli, Argentine architect.
1934 – Richard Meier, American architect
1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
1949: Carlos “el Chacal”, mercenary (former KGB agent) and Venezuelan revolutionary.
1952: Gonzalo Santonja, Spanish writer and literary critic.
1954 – Xuacu Amieva, Spanish bagpiper.
1956 – David Vanian, British singer, of the band The Damned.
1961 – Miguel Porlán Chendo, Spanish soccer player.
1962 – Julio Cesar Chavez, Mexican boxer
1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese filmmaker
1963 – Hilda Lizarazu, Argentine singer.
1966 – Roberto Sensini, Argentine soccer player and coach
1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor
1969: Judit Mascó, Spanish model.
1970 – Kirk Cameron, American actor
1970: Pilar Castro, Spanish actress.
1975 – Marion Jones, American athlete
1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan soccer player.
1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
1980 – Ledley King, British footballer
1981 – Shola Ameobi, Nigerian and British footballer
1983 – Gastón Fernández, Argentine soccer player.
1989 – Paulo Henrique Ganso, Brazilian soccer player
1990: Melody, Spanish singer.

Died on October 12

Some of the best-known personalities who have died on October 12 are:

1914 – Oleg Romanov, Russian prince.
1924: Anatole France, French writer, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1921.
1965: Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1948.
1969 – Sonja Henie, Olympic ice skating champion and film actress.
1978: Nancy Spungen, girlfriend of Sid Vicious.
1987 – Gustavo Baz, Mexican physician, politician, and revolutionary.
1996 – René Lacoste, French tennis player and businessman
1997 – John Denver, American country musician
1999 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player
2005 – Ghazi Kanaan, Syrian politician and soldier
2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian filmmaker
2007 – Kishō Kurokawa, Japanese architect
2007: Manuela Vargas, figure of flamenco dance.
2009 – Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist
2010: Manuel Alexandre, Spanish actor.
2011 – Dennis Ritchie, creator of the C language and the Unix operating system.
2014 – Roberto Telch, Argentine footballer

Now, to finish, we leave you with a video and some links that you might find interesting to complement the information in the article.

Video about Columbus

If there is an important event that occurred on October 12, it was the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. In this documentary you can learn many more things about his travels:

Links of interest

In Sobrehistoria we have many other articles that you may find very interesting and that are related to October 12 and Hispanic Heritage Day:

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