7 Wonders of the Ancient World and the Modern World –

The 7 Wonders of the Ancient World and the Modern World, they were a set of both architectural and sculptural works of such beauty and grandeur that they were already in their time, considered worthy of being known. Let us know its mysteries, its grandeur and all its beauty.

The choice of these works was the result of 7 frames painted by him Master Maerten Van Heemskrerckhe made seven paintings representing 7 wonders in each one of them.

These wonders were:

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus
  • The Zeus statue in Olimpia
  • the Halicarnaso Mausoleum
  • The Colossus of Rhodes
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria

What are the 7 wonders of the Ancient World?

The Great Pyramid of Giza

known as the pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest of the seven wonders of which we are going to talk and also the only one that remains of the seven.

It is the largest of all the pyramids of Egypt, ordered to be built by the pharaoh Cheops, belonging to the fourth dynasty and father of Kefren. Commissioned the construction project Hemiunu architect.

It is estimated that it was finished in the year 2,570 BC. while his works began in the year 2,550 BC, that is to say 20 years of construction. Located on the outskirts of Cairo, the pyramid of Cheops is today one of the 3 pyramids that make up the Giza necropolis.

For 3,800 years it was the tallest building on Earth, until the construction of the Spire of Lincoln Cathedral, in England, in the 14th century.

The Great Pyramid of Egypt was built in the northeast section of the Giza Plateau. A privileged place to be seen from the Nile. For its construction 2.3 million stone blocks were neededwith a weight of two and a half tons per block. Some blocks exceed sixty tons.

Originally the pyramid was covered by 27,000 blocks of polished white limestoneeach of the blocks had to weigh several tons.

This is how it looked until the fourteenth century, when an earthquake loosened almost all the limestone. Stones that could not be recovered since they were used for the construction of houses in Cairo.

know the pyramid

yes architect Hemiunu, is found buried near of this same pyramid, reliefs with his image have been found in his tomb.

It was built during the reign of Pharaoh Cheops, in the first half of the 26th century BC. In 2013, some excavations, discovered a port and a group of shipsWithin these papyri were found where the construction of said pyramid was described.

The piramid consists of 3 chambers considered maintwo of them located insidethese are the King’s Chamber and Queen’s Chamber. These chambers communicated with two corridors, one ascending that leads to the large gallery and the other descending until reaching an underground chamber.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylonconsidered one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient worldbuilt in the 6th century BC during the rule of Nebuchadnezzar IIin the ancient city of Babylon or Babel according to the biblical account, located banks of the Euphrates.

It was the river itself watered the wonderful orchard of plants. Its gardens surrounded by palm trees and fruit trees where there were dates, coconuts, etc.

Their construction is believed to have begun in 600 BC. by order of Nebuchadnezzar II, as proof of love towards his wife Amytis, the plants were nothing more than a faithful reflection of the mountains of the land of his wife, so she would always remember them.

These gardens were next to the royal palace, located near the river so that everyone asked them to admire, though they couldn’t get in. On the highest terrace was a water tank, this let the water escape so that it ran through the terraces as if they were streams.

The gardens, by their construction they seemed to be suspended in the air. According to descriptions of the time, the gardens were made up of vaulted terraces, these seemed to overlap, resting on cubic pillars. The terraces seemed to be hollow and filled with earth for the planting of large trees. All created with fired brick.

Today vestiges of walls of 25 meters have been foundan irrigation canal and some vaulted arches, which are not known to have belonged to this wonder of the ancient world.

Temple of Artemis

Located in the city of Ephesus in Turkey, it was a temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis. Its construction was ordered by King Croesus of Lydia and lasted approximately 120 years.

A building of colossal dimensions with a beautiful architecture, made up of different buildings that were named with letters by the archaeologists who study their remains. The most important and oldest building is called D. The temple it was destroyed in the year 356 a. C for arson.

In the sanctuary in its inner part, was the statue of the goddess Artemisa statue of 2 meters high made in vine wood and covered with silver and gold.

The place where the temple was built was already a place of veneration since ancient times, where the goddess Cibeles was worshiped, to later pass to the goddess Artemis.

Have been found great abundance of votive offerings belonging to the 8th century BC The oldest building is a altar, this one belonged to The first phase. After this temple other smaller ones were erected. Built in 602 BC, these temples measured 14 x 28 m, surrounded by a wall that closed off the space.

It must have taken a long time to build the temple, according to Pliny the Elder, who stated that the works had lasted 120 years. Being the first construction of the 8th century BC. destroyed by the Cimmerians.

The temple, for its great beauty it was visited by merchants, kings and travelers who paid tribute to the goddess in the form of goods and jewelry.

According to Plinus the Elder the temple measures 115 m long by 55 m widecreated in marble, was the largest in Classical Greece. 127 columns flanked the entire enclosure, these had a length of 60 m. It had 3 rows of columns on the western façade, these are divided into 3 rows of 8 columns.

After the fire the complex was rebuilt again, respecting the plan and proportions of the old building. Although this time a platform was added on which the temple stood.

The temple it housed sculptures, paintings and columns lined with gold and silversome sculptures made reference to Amazons.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia

It is believed that the statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by Phidias about the year 430 BC This statue was of a colossal size since occupied the entire width of the temple corridor built in his honor. Its dimensions should be 12m high. The statue is carved in ivory with solid gold details.

Zeus He appeared seated on a throne, the naked torso and the cloak on the legs. In the head wore an olive crownHis gaze seemed to be directed downward, giving him a fatherly look. in his right hand I was holding a Nike while on the left he carried the scepter with an eagle.

The mantle it contained lily ornaments and the sandals he wore were of gold. The throne is made of ivory, ebony, gold and precious stones, while the backrest, feet, arms and crossbars are carved and decorated with reliefs.

It is said that when Caligula found out about the existence of this statue, he ordered that it be taken to Rome and that its head be cut off to put his own. When the soldiers were going to carry out the order, they heard a laugh coming from the statue and they left terrified.

The statue was moved to Constantinople at the time of Theodosius II, placed in the palace of Lauso. It is thought that it was there It was destroyed by fire.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

Was a funerary monument, large and sumptuous built between 353 BC and 350 BC in Halicarnassus, Turkey. It was a funerary monument created for Mausolus, a satrap of the Persian Empire. It was his wife who commissioned the structure, Artemisa II.

It measured 134 m in perimeter approximately and 46m high, the plants were adorned with reliefs. The structure was considered a aesthetic wonder.

This mausoleum survived the various invasions and even the destruction of the city by Alexander the Great, the Arabs and the barbarians, but in the end it was an earthquake in 1404 that ended the.

Single the sculptural group that was located in the highest part was saved and some friezes that are now preserved in the British Museum.

Colossus of Rhodes

Built in Greece around 292 BC. and destroyed by a earthquake in 226 BC.. It is considered one of thes seven wonders of the ancient world.

We only know what writers like Pliny the Elder and certain Byzantine chronicles. The statue was made of bronze plates on an iron frame. He was the Greek sun god, Helios and measured 32 m. The base was made of white marble and measured 15 m, its weight was about 70 tons.

It seems that it was a mistake to think that the colossus had each leg supported on one of the sides of the port of Rhodes and the idea that it would have been in the Acropolis of Rhodes begins to be considered.

Lighthouse of Alejandria

Built in the 3rd century BCit was a Lighthouse, that is, a tower built on the island of Faro in Alexandria, Egypt. This served as landmark in the harbor and as a lighthouse. Its height must have been approximately 100 m. It was one of the tallest man-made structures for many centuries. The tower fell silent due to the effects of an earthquake in the 14th century.

Built by Sostratus of Cnidus, at the time of Ptolemy II on the Island of Faro, opposite Alexandria. She was a tower of great dimensions on which there was a bonfire which at night indicated the position of the city to ships entering the port.

Necessary due to the difficulty of the port, since the coast is very flat and there were no references. Its size was 134 m and for its construction it was they used glass blocks located in the foundations so that erosion would not damage them and thus increase resistance against the waves of the sea.

Beneath the building was a square platform, octagonal, built with blocks of marble assembled with molten lead. In the part highest in the tower was a metal mirror reflecting the sunlight in the morning and at night projected the light of the bonfires, this light could be seen up to fifty kilometers.

It survived for 1000 years, until it was damaged by earthquakes until it fell. The remains disappeared in 1480 when their remains were used to build a fort.

What are the 7 wonders of the Modern World?

The idea of ​​creating a list with seven wonders or monuments that stand out above the rest did not end in Antiquity.

In fact, following the example of Antiquity, during the 19th and 20th centuries various lists of new wonders of the modern world began to be made that stood out for their magnificence above all other monuments.

Such lists rarely have the same components, as they are highly subjective and rarely satisfy everyone. However, there are a number…